A context manager for temporary memoization.

This is very much a fragile hack at the moment. It's an interesting idea I think. I was disappointed when I initially found that the with_statement syntax does not restore the value of the `as var` upon completion.

This made doing something along the lines of

with temporarily_memoized( func ) :
for datum in data :
func( datum )


Well, just a lot hackier actually.

Thus temporarily_memoized( ... ) was born :


# a context manager for temporarily turning any function into
# a memoized version of itself.

from __future__ import with_statement
import contextlib , sys , types

def memoize ( func ) :
""" In haskell mutability must be handled explicitly.
Only fair that Python do the same to transparent functionality
remembered = {}
def memoized ( *args ) :
""" memoized version of function """
if args in remembered :
return remembered[ args ]
else :
new = func( *args )
remembered[ args ] = new
return new
return memoized

def temporarily_memoized ( func ) :
""" memoize the given function for the duration of this block
save anything in the local variables that gets in the way of
using this so that it can be restored afterward , the memoized
version is found in the locals. use on actual functions only.
no members. """

# this is being called, there has to be a frame above it
frame = sys._getframe().f_back.f_back

if func.func_name in frame.f_locals :
f = frame.f_locals[ func.func_name ]
frame.f_locals[ func.func_name ] = memoize( func )
try :
# this hack replaces whatever in the local scope
# has the name of the variable. if you try to use
# the 'as whatever' portion of the syntax , you
# are doing it wrong
yield None
finally :
frame.f_locals[ f.func_name ] = f
else :
frame.f_locals[ func.func_name ] = memoize( func )
try :
yield None
finally :
del frame.f_locals[ func.func_name ]

def fib(n):
""" biggus fibbus """
if n == 0 or n == 1:
return n
return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2)

if __name__ == '__main__' :
print fib.__doc__
with temporarily_memoized( fib ) :
print fib.__doc__
for i in xrange( 36 ) :
print "n=%d => %d" % (i, fib(i))
print fib.__doc__
print fib.__doc__

I've played around with replacing the func_code and related variables in order to create a true proxy, but the requirement that the func_code and func_closure agree exactly on the number of local variables and that they refuse to set independently or be tricked into simultaneous setting by calling types.FunctionType.__init__( target , proxy-code , ... ) has thwarted my attempts at this. I considered creating a variety of proxy functions each requiring a different number of free variables and then selecting the appropriate one, which would probably work, but it seems too much the wrong way to do things.

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(2) the subculture of the compulsive programmer, whose ethics prescribe that one silly idea and a month of frantic coding should suffice to make him a life-long millionaire. --ewd1036